INTERPRETATION: COMPOSITE ABILITIES

Understanding individual’s composite abilities provides a diagnostic picture of individuals underlying abilities that can help professionals assess why individuals may be encountering problems in school or work settings.

The composite abilities can be divided into areas related to specific skills (skills require multiple abilities in order to be fully realized) such as:

  • reading
  • arithmetic/math
  • visual abilities
  • fine motor/writing
  • creativity.

READING ABILITIES

There are 11 reading abilities. Six abilities are basic skills related to “learning to read.” Five abilities are advanced reading abilities and are considered abilities that are need to “reading to learn.”

Abilities Need to “Learn to Read.”

CFUVisual closure; ability to see whole objects and whole words

CFCVisual conceptualization; ability to classify information by concepts and understand the concepts

EFUVisual discrimination; ability to see detail within a whole object or word

EFCDiscriminating visual similarities; ability to see the differences and similarities in visual information

MSU-vVisual memory, attention; ability to remember individual symbols that have been presented visually

MSS-vVisual memory, concentration; ability to remember symbols in the order presented visually

Abilities Need to “Reading to Learn”

CFUVisual closure; ability to see whole objects and whole words

CFCVisual conceptualization; ability to classify information by concepts and understand the concepts

EFUVisual discrimination; ability to see detail within a whole object or word

EFCDiscriminating visual similarities; ability to see the differences and similarities in visual information

MSU-vVisual memory, attention; ability to remember individual symbols that have been presented visually

MSS-vVisual memory, concentration; ability to remember symbols in the order presented visually

ARITHMETIC & MATH ABILITIES

There are 11 abilities related to arithmetic and mathematics. Six abilities are arithmetic and five are mathematics including algebra, geometry and related subjects.

Six Abilities Related to Arithmetic

CSS – Understanding number sequences; basic number concepts

ESS – Judging correctness of number sequences; able to determine what operations to use in solving arithmetic problems

ESC – Judging number classes or sets; determining classes that numbers belong to, i.e., even numbers, odd numbers, prime numbers.

NSS – Applying number facts; ability to perform the required operations in an arithmetic problem

MSU-a – Auditory memory, attention; ability to recall individual symbolic information presented auditorily

MSS-a – Auditory memory, concentration; ability to remember symbols in the order presented auditorily

Five Abilities Related to Mathematics and Science

CFS – Spatial orientation; ability to maintain a particular point of view in a figural/spatial system

CFT – Spatial conservation; ability to recognize identical objects from different points of view

CSR – Symbolic relations; ability to see patterns in symbolic information

NSS – Applying number facts; ability to perform the required operations in an arithmetic problem

NMI – Logic/deductive reasoning; ability to use deductive thinking and logic in solving figural and symbolic problems

ABILITIY RELATED TO HAND WRITING

NFU – Reproducing figures, shapes and designs

ABILITY RELATED TO VISION 7 PERRCEPTION

CFU- Spatial orientation; ability to maintain a particular point of view in a figural/spatial system

CFT – Spatial conservation; ability to recognize identical objects from different points of view

EFUVisual discrimination; ability to see detail within a whole object or word

ABILITIES RELATED TO CREATIVITY

DFU- Ability to generate original visual ideas and the ability to communicate visually using figures, shapes, pictures and designs

DSR – Abilities to be creative with number concepts and to generate connections between letters or numbers in different ways

DMU – Ability to develop and express through writing unique and original ideas within a limited amount of time